Compare and contrast early civilizations that developed in mesopotamia egypt the indus valley and ch

The first small cities were formed in the Kot Diji Phase of B. This is not where the agricultural revolution began, however. Archaeologists uncovered a year old 7-holed flute, which is currently the oldest known playable musical instrument.

From June to September, the rivers inundated the plain. The traders brought their culture with them, leaving signs of influence in the central mountains of Mexico as well as southern Guatemala, miles from central Olmec territory.

River Valley Civilizations Compare and Contrast Essay Sample

Like the difference in social status of women in the two contrary civilizations. Mesoamerica, with its separate western hemisphere habitat, grew maize cornpotatoes, and beans while they raised llamas and poultry. Archaeologists frequently found public areas, for markets located inside the major gateways into Indus cities.

Appeasing the gods was so important that the inhabitants of each Sumerian city-state built the rest of the city around the temple, so as to make the temple the center. In this fashion, dominant families blurred the line between the everyday and the religious, the profane and the sacred heritages, and thereby legitimized their domination of their subjects.

What are the differences between the Indus, Mesopotamian, and Egyptian civilizations?

Eventually, the temple was on a raised platform like a mountain, looming over the featureless landscape and visible for miles in all directions.

Rather than placating a volatile god, the Egyptians just wanted to keep the peace and harmony that they were experiencing to keep going. At first, the writing was used to record business transactions, but later writing was used for other purposes such as the first written law, the Code of Hammurabi, and to record their religion.

The Chinese based their religion on ancestor worship and they tried to use their ancestors for divination to light their way to the future. This sophisticated planning was duplicated throughout the Indus River Valley, which covered an area twice the size of Mesopotamia and Egypt put together.

The priestly elites controlled a large part of the social, economic, and ritual life of the city-state. However, Mesopotamia, Indus Valley, and Egypt also grew and peas, beans, and lentils and raised goats, sheep, pigs, and cattle. Economically perhaps Mesopotamia flourished more than Egypt and in art and culture Egypt edged over Mesopotamia.

Egypt was a more stable civilization compared to Mesopotamia and also more full of life and mirth. From June to September, the rivers inundated the plain. For the Sumerians, the floods were unpredictable; so many times there was not enough water to go around; hence they fought over water at times.

Rather, the Harappan culture was probably run by competing classes of elites, with one being dominant at any particular point in time, but none being dominant long enough to establish a central government. These walls and basins enabled them to harness the flood waters and take advantage of the fertile soil that the silt left by the flood waters.

In order to protect against flooding, they built levees on the river banks so that the water could rise higher before flooding and they dug ditches and canals to channel the water to the fields. In pioneering water storage, Mesopotamians were the first hydraulic engineers.

For Mesopotamia and Egypt, controlling where the water went, using irrigation, was critical to their survival. As the agricultural surplus grew, more people began to specialize as artisans, for example, in metal working or trading. The bureaucracy was indefinitely affected by the structures.

Egypt too is protected from outsiders by the Sahara Desert on their western border. Eventually, they developed a complex irrigation system that used walls and basins to catch the flood water.

Historians often points out that inter war within the civilization led to its downfall. Thus, the Egyptian area of governance was much larger than the Sumerian city-states. Farming began in the Fertile Crescent in about B. The earliest forms of civilizations were said to be located on the three river valleys of the Tigris-Euphrates River in ancient Mesopotamia, the Nile River in ancient Egypt and the Huang He and Indus River in ancient India and China.

The first indian script develops in the Indus Valley around BC -it is still not possible to fully understand Later, Indian scripts, like Brahmi and Khatosthi were developed to write both official and local languages.

A vast bulk of the great early civilizations developed in the land known as Mesopotamia. It can, in fact, be proven, without question, that because of Mesopotamia's extensive trade routes, its excellent leaders, and the astronomical growth in technology that occurred, that Mesopotamia was one of the greatest civilizations to have ever existed.

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Compare and Contrast Egypt and Mesopotamia. Do SPICE Chart for each. trans regional trade with Indus Valley and Egypt.

Rivers, Cities and First States, 4000–2000 BCE

Ag based on wheat and Barley. Dec 28,  · The purpose of this paper is to compare the developments and features of the early civilizations of Mesopotamia (Sumer), Egypt, India (Indus River Valley, Harappa), China (Shang dynasty), and Mesoamerica (Olmec), starting from the creation of villages to the formation of civilizations.

Compare And Contrast Early Civilizations That Developed In Mesopotamia Egypt The Indus Valley And China the most prominent being the first civilizations, Mesopotamia and Ancient Egypt.

They had many similarities, such as characteristics of early civilizations and social structures, but they also had their differences.

Compare and contrast early civilizations that developed in mesopotamia egypt the indus valley and ch
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Compare And Contrast Mesopotamia and Egypt:Similarities and Differences