Compare and contrast educational theories

Theories List of Key B. So, we can say that behaviorism concentrates on the product of study and constructivism concentrates on the process itself. By helping students within their zone of proximal development, we offer them useful learning strategies which Compare and contrast educational theories internalize and utilize later.

Scaffolding is another Vygotskian principle for the sociocultural perspective. Students should be taught how to use tools such as the computer, resource books, and graphs in order to better utilize these tools in the future Woolfolk, A.

By distributing practices the learner associates the material with many different contexts rather than the one context afforded by mass practice. Those that fall between the 2 extremes, the tasks that can be performed with help from others.

With skills such as classification, compensation, and seriation developing during this stage, teachers should provide ample opportunities to organize groups of objects on "increasingly complex levels" Woolfolk, A.

Another Vygotskian principle for teaching involves the zone of proximal Compare and contrast educational theories.

I believe that both Piaget and Vygotsky provided educators with important views on cognitive development in the child. In the preoperational stage, the teacher would have to use actions and verbal instruction.

Exploration is a favoured approach in order to encourage students to seek knowledge independently and to manage the pursuit of their goals. Especially in today's diverse classroom, the teacher needs to be sensitive to her student's cultural background and language, and be an active participant in his knowledge construction.

Decrease amount of teaching and increase student projects. The main points which are criticized are teacher-directed model where the students and given little possibilities for creativity and self-realization.

Teacher is supposed to transmit the knowledge from the world to the minds of pupils. In the papers I will concentrate on behaviorist and constructivist models of learning, their definitions, differences and similarities.

Educational Theories-Compare And Contrast

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While Piaget would assume the student does not yet have the mental structures to solve such a problem, Vygotsky would offer encouragement or strategies, in the form of scaffolding, in order for the student to attempt the problem. In this regard, the study of the mind and of the mechanisms involved in learning has been developed from several points of view based on the same fundamental question which is based on effective learning Friend et al.

While Piaget would assume the student does not yet have the mental structures to solve such a problem, Vygotsky would offer encouragement or strategies, in the form of scaffolding, in order for the student to attempt the problem.

As part of their cognitive development, children also develop schemes, which are mental representations of people, objects, or principles.

Compare and Contrast Essay on Teaching and Learning Theories: Behaviorism and Constructivism

While Piaget and Vygotsky may differ on how they view cognitive development in children, both offer educators good suggestions on how teach certain material in a developmentally appropriate manner.

Students in the later elementary years, according to Piaget, learn best through hands-on discovery learning, while working with tangible objects. He concluded that education does not generalize easily and that if it is to be preparation for life beyond school, then it should be as life-like as possible.

Children in the sensorimotor stage can reverse actions, but cannot yet reverse thinking Woolfolk, A. When one reaches what Piaget called equilibrium, assimilation and accommodation have occurred to create a new stage of development Woolfolk, A.

Social interaction takes place mainly to move a young child away from egocentricism. Regarding the two cognitive theories, I would be more apt to apply Vygotskian principles to my classroom.

Learners are provided with the opportunity for apprenticeship learning in which there is an increasing complexity of tasks, skills and knowledge acquisition. Behaviorism relies on transmission, instructionism and hard control from the side of the teacher.

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People who reach this stage and not everyone does, according to Piaget are able to think abstractly. During the latter part of the sensorimotor stage, the child develops object permanence, which is an understanding that an object exists even if it is not within the field of vision Woolfolk, A.

Idealism is assumed to be acquired by a person in the formal operations stage; therefore, understanding broad concepts and their application to one's life aid in the realization of ideal concepts. Compare and Contrast Essay on Teaching and Learning Theories: Behaviorism and Constructivism Modern methodologists put a lot of effort defining the best methodological model for students and for the future perspective.

Learning Theories Learning theories are an organized set of principles explaining how individuals acquire, retain, and recall knowledge. By studying and knowing the different learning theories, we can better understand how learning occurs.

Key Concepts Behaviourism is a theory of Cognitivism focuses on the ―brain‖.

Compare and Contrast Essay on Teaching and Learning Theories: Behaviorism and Constructivism

How animal and human learning humans process and store that only focuses on information was very important in the objectively observable process of learning. This paper will compare and contrast three developmental theories we have learned about throughout this class: social learning theory, psychoanalytic theory, and the psychosocial theory.

Developmental theories are beneficial to understand the behavior of a child, and though some may seem very different, they can share many similarities.

Educational Psychology 28 October x. Comparing Piaget and Vygotsky. However, in contrast, Vygotsky believed that given proper help and assistance, children could perform a problem that Piaget would consider to be out of the child's mental capabilities.

The zone is the area at which a child can perform a challenging task, given. Key Concepts Behaviourism is a theory of Cognitivism focuses on the ―brain‖.

How animal and human learning humans process and store that only focuses on information was very important in the objectively observable process of learning.

Compare and contrast educational theories
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